Gelam honey is a Malaysian honey from the flower of Gelam (Melaleuca cajuputi) tree that was collected and produced by Apis mellifera bees.
This honey has been proven to have high flavanoid and phenolic contents. The major phenolics contents that has been identified were ellagic, gallic, and ferulic acids. The researchers also reported that the extracted phenolic and flavanoid content from Gelam honey showed in-vitro anti-inflammatory effect and stated that Gelam honey has a potential therapeutic value in an inflammatory conditions.
Many Malaysian researchers have investigated the potential of Gelam honey for health benefit. Gelam honey was shown to have antibacterial effects which are mainly attributed to its phenolic content.
Recently, a study was conducted to compare the antibacterial effect among Malaysian honey, and they found that Gelam honey is one of the Malaysian honey own high antibacterial activity.
There are surplus of animal model study to see the effect of Gelam honey in health; such as, Gelam honey was found to be able to speed up the process of healing when applied topically on excisional wound on rats. Gelam honey was found to be able to reduce the oxidative damage in the liver of Sprague-Dawley rats. Gelam honey in a form of hydrogel may act as burn wound dressing that enhance wound healing and suppress the expression of proinflammatory cytokines.
Gelam honey is potentially useful in the treatment of inflammatory conditions and even has the ability in inhibiting the production of proinflammatory mediators such as IL-6 and Tumour Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α) in rats (Hussein et al. 2012).
Research source: The Effect of Gelam (Melaleuca cajuputi) Honey on Inflammatory Mediators In Periodontitis-Induced Sprague-Dawley Rats.